• Endosteal (in the bone): This is the most commonly used type of implant. The various types include screws, cylinders or blades surgically placed into the jawbone. Each implant holds one or more prosthetic teeth. This type of implant is generally used as an alternative for patients with bridges or removable dentures.
  • Subperiosteal (on the bone): These are placed on top of the jaw with the metal framework’s posts protruding through the gum to hold the prosthesis. These types of implants are used for patients who are unable to wear conventional dentures and who have minimal bone height.


The ideal candidate for a dental implant is in good general and oral health. Adequate bone in your jaw is needed to support the implant, and the best candidates have healthy gum tissues that are free of periodontal disease.

Dental implants are intimately connected with the gum tissues and underlying bone in the mouth. Since periodontists are the dental experts who specialize in precisely these areas, they are ideal members of your dental implant team. Not only do periodontists have experience working with other dental professionals, they also have the special knowledge, training and facilities that you need to have teeth that look and feel just like your own. Your dentist and periodontist will work together to make your dreams come true.


This procedure is a team effort between you and Firswood Dental. Your periodontist and dentist will consult with you to determine where and how your implant should be placed. Depending on your specific condition and the type of implant chosen, your periodontist will create a treatment plan tailored to meet your needs.

  • Replacing a Single Tooth – If you are missing a single tooth, one implant and a crown can replace it.
  • Replacing Several Teeth – If you are missing several teeth, implant-supported bridges can replace them.
  • Replacing All of Your Teeth – If you are missing all of your teeth, an implant-supported full bridge or full denture can replace them.
  • Sinus Augmentation – A key to implant success is the quantity and quality of the bone where the implant is to be placed. The upper back jaw has traditionally been one of the most difficult areas to successfully place dental implants due to insufficient bone quantity and quality and the close proximity to the sinus. Sinus augmentation can help correct this problem by raising the sinus floor and developing bone for the placement of dental implants.
  • Ridge Modification – Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Ridge modification has been shown to greatly improve appearance and increase your chances for successful implants that can last for years to come.


As you know, your own teeth require conscientious at-home oral care and regular dental visits. Dental implants are like your own teeth and will require the same care. In order to keep your implant clean and plaque-free, brushing and flossing still apply!

After treatment, your periodontist will work closely with you and your dentist to develop the best care plan for you. Periodic follow-up visits will be scheduled to monitor your implant, teeth and gums to make sure they are healthy.

Porcelain veneers

Porcelain veneers are engineered from a high quality material, and can be used to improve the appearance of the front teeth. That might be due to discoloration, damage, misalignment or by closing the gap between two teeth which is known as a “diastema”. They are usually made out of one of two materials porcelain, however at Firswood we also offer the option for the composite material. The procedure for preparing and making a veneer is similar to that of a crown; however, less of the tooth is removed during the preparation compared to a crown.

Componeers veneers

Make a brilliant smile your trademark. COMPONEER can help you correct natural imperfections easily and economically. You’re unhappy smiling because of a gap in your teeth? Or crooked teeth make you feel self-conscious? You can leave this behind you and look forward to new pleasure in life with your attractive appearance.

What is COMPONEER? COMPONEER is specially manufactured, very thin shells that can be fixed to the front of the front teeth to conceal aesthetic imperfections. COMPONEER can be compared with artificial fingernails, but there is one very big difference: COMPONEER restorations ensure an attractive appearance for many years.

You’ll adore the new Componeer:

  • Attractive teeth and a new smile after only one visit
  • Very little removal of healthy tooth structure
  • Individual, customised shaping of the front teeth
  • High quality permanent veneering material
  • Shine can be refreshed by polishing at any time
  • An economically attractive solution

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Porcelain Crowns

Porcelain crowns are custom-made crowns bonded to your teeth in just two or three visits. They are the perfect restoration when a tooth is severely damaged,decayed or compromised aesthetically. To fit a porcelain crown, a one to two millimeter dimension all around the tooth and on top is removed while strengthening and preserving the remaining natural tooth structure. With the proper care porcelain crowns will last long into the future as they have a very strong structure and look and feel like your own tooth. Porcelian crowns can used by a restoration of a single tooth and also as a dental bridge in case of missing a tooth or more teeth. Unlike veneers, porcelain crowns cover all surfaces of the tooth and are used only when the tooth is fractured or very broken down. The porcelain used is the same as that used for veneers so they are strong and also offer an aesthetic natural look. Porcelain Crowns are made to improve your overall smile or to blend in with your own teeth. Porcelain Crowns are also used to support a large filling when there isn’t enough of the tooth remaining, attach a bridge, protect weak teeth from fracturing, restore fractured teeth, or cover badly shaped or discoloured teeth. Sometimes an underlying metal shell is used under the porcelain if additional strength is needed.

Replacing teeth

Dental Bridges are used to span, or bridge a gap (missing teeth) between healthy teeth. The teeth on either side of the empty space are reshaped and reduced in size. The two shaped teeth then act as anchors or abutments. The bridge is attached to the living healthy teeth and fills the missing tooth space. If you have one or more adjacent missing teeth, then using dental bridging crowns offers the translucency of a natural tooth and a permanent restoration along with functional and aesthetically looking teeth / tooth.

Smile transformation

The Firswood smile transformation does what it says. We take away the stress of regular dental treatments; allowing you to relax while our team of experienced dental professionals take over, restoring & enhancing your smile to a standard that you are guaranteed to be happy with. Whether your teeth are broken, damaged, worn away, misshaped, misaligned or missing, we have a solution that can benefit you. Our smile transformation will involve your top 8 teeth and quite possibly your bottom 8 teeth. The most common treatments under the smile transformation include Invisalign, porcelain veneers and porcelain crowns. Furthermore, we allow you to lay back, relax and overcome long treatment times with our free movie service.

Enjoy using our video glasses. A big-screen colour TV the size of a pair of glasses. This portable little wonder fits like a pair of glasses, and provides impressive video and sound quality. On the inside of the glasses, are two concave mirrors that reflect the tiny LCD picture to each eye and using the wonders of binocular vision, combines the two pictures into a single visual image. Looking into the device gives the feeling of being in a movie theater. These glasses not only make your visits enjoyable and relaxing, but you can also watch you treatment being carried out with our live tooth cam. (Feel free to select a movie from our large library of DVD’s. Our video glasses can also hook up to your iPod.)

Teeth whitening



Firswood tooth whitening

At Firswood we have a range of the latest teeth whitening products that you can benefit from. Let our team of dental professionals advise you on how to achieve the best results. Our in house whitening and home whitening kits include zoom, wy10 and Colgate products.

What causes tooth discoloration?

As we get older our teeth become discoloured through smoking, coffee, red wine and many other foods and drinks. Regardless, of how well we brush our teeth loose their whiteness. Teeth whitening, also called Dental bleaching is a common procedure in general dentistry but most especially in the field of cosmetic dentistry. A child’s baby teeth are generally whiter than the adult teeth that follow. As a person ages the adult teeth often become darker due to changes in the mineral structure of the tooth, as the enamel becomes less porous.

Who may benefit from tooth whitening?

The vast majority of people will benefit from tooth whitening. However, alternative treatment options are also available; giving patients a well informed choice of which teeth whitening products will get the best results. The degree of whiteness will vary from patient to patient, depending on the structure of the teeth, the number of applications, and/or the duration of time that the system is used.

Is the process safe?

YES! Research and clinical studies indicate that whitening teeth under the supervision of your dentist is safe for teeth and gums. Some people experience temporary increased tooth sensitivity to cold during the treatment. These symptoms disappear within 1-3 days after interruption or completion of the treatment.

ZOOM whitening pen

The ZOOM whitening pen is a great gift idea. It is easy to use and can have great results. Use 2 times a day, and see a noticeable difference in the whiteness of your teeth within the following months.


White fillings

A white filling is placed when a tooth requires restoration to prevent further damage. The initial damage may have occurred from caries (decay) or physical trauma. If left un-restored, the tooth would become very painful and may eventually lead to an abscess forming below the gum level. There are two main types of filling materials—Amalgam (metal) and composite (tooth colored). Amalgam has been used for over 180 years and is still used today due to its strength and permeability despite its controversy due to its mercury content. However, Composite fillings are being used more and more not just because of their aesthetics but also because less of the tooth is destroyed during the preparation compared to amalgam fillings, they set immediately and can be as hard wearing as amalgam fillings. The NHS only permits dentists to place composite fillings on front teeth, hence why most composite fillings on back teeth are done privately. With a composite filling, a shade is selected to match that of your own teeth and the filling is carved in a way that makes it look just like a real tooth.

Cosmetic dentures


What are Dentures?

Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be taken out and put back into your mouth. While dentures take some getting used to, and will never feel exactly the same as one’s natural teeth, today’s dentures are natural looking and more comfortable than ever. There are two main types of dentures: full and partial. The dental professionals at Firswood will help you choose the type of denture that’s best for you based on whether some or all of your teeth are going to be replaced and the cost involved.

How do Dentures Work?

With full dentures, a flesh-colored acrylic base fits over your gums. The base of the upper denture covers the palate (the roof of your mouth), while that of the lower denture is shaped like a horseshoe to accommodate your tongue. Dentures are custom-made in a dental laboratory from impressions taken of your mouth. Your dentist will determine which of the three types of dentures described below is best for you.

Conventional Full Denture

A conventional full denture is placed in your mouth after any remaining teeth are removed and tissues have healed. Healing may take several months, during which time you are without teeth.

Immediate Full Denture

An immediate full denture is inserted immediately after the remaining teeth are removed. (Your dentist takes measurements and makes models of your jaw during a prior visit.) While immediate dentures offer the benefit of never having to be without your teeth, they must be relined several months after being inserted. The reason is that the bone supporting the teeth reshapes as it heals, causing the denture to become loose.

Partial Denture

A partial denture rests on a metal framework that attaches to your natural teeth. Sometimes crowns are placed on some of your natural teeth and serve as anchors for the denture. Partial dentures offer a removable alternative to bridges. How Long Before I Get Used to My Dentures? New dentures may feel awkward or uncomfortable for the first few weeks or even months. Eating and speaking with dentures might take a little practice. A bulky or loose feeling is not uncommon, while the muscles of your cheeks and tongue learn to hold your dentures in place. Excessive saliva flow or feelings that the tongue does not have adequate room, and minor irritation or soreness are also not unusual. If you experience irritation, please contact the Firswood dental team.

How Long do Dentures Last?

Over a period of time, your denture will need to be relined, remade, or rebased due to normal wear. Rebasing means making a new base while keeping the existing denture teeth. Also, as you age, your mouth naturally changes. These changes cause your dentures to loosen, making chewing difficult and irritating your gums. At a minimum, you should visit Firswood dental practice regularly for a checkup.

Here are tips for caring for your dentures:
  • When handling your dentures, stand over a folded towel or basin of water. Dentures are delicate and may break if dropped.
  • Don’t let your dentures dry out. Place them in a denture cleanser soaking solution or in plain water when you’re not wearing them. Never use hot water, which can cause them to warp.
  • Brushing your dentures daily will remove food deposits and plaque, and help prevent them from becoming stained. An ultrasonic cleaner may be used to care for your dentures, but it does not replace a thorough daily brushing.
  • Brush your gums, tongue and palate every morning with a soft-bristled brush before you insert your dentures. This stimulates circulation in your tissues and helps remove plaque.

Please contact Firswood dental if your dentures break, chip, crack or become loose. Don’t be tempted to adjust them yourself this can damage them beyond repair.